B_gues__1_aOf the Celt Nozzle or Beg meaning “advanced rock point”, Bègues overhangs the valley of Sioule and Of the Celt Bec or Beg meaning “advanced rock point”, Bègues overhangs the valley of Sioule and communicates with it by passages located between two escarpments.
Many archaeological discoveries revealed the seniority of the site: a menhir, elements in a cave, the “cafrotte”, dug in the rock on the level of Sioule, also testify to a prehistoric occupation. Presence also of tumuli with bronze axes.
Later, the Gallic ones strengthened the place in oppidum. The site probably represented a advanced camp arverne facing Bituriges on other side of Sioule.
After the Roman conquest, the commercial function Stammerers was confirmed. The Roman way coming from Clermont passed by there, for proof the rerouvée military terminal, dating from the reign of Trajan (98-117).