Montlucon

Montlu_on__8_aThe foundation of city PERT in a fog of uncertainties which sees it appearing according to an assumption of archaeologist in Celtic quartering…
What is sure is that in these moved back times where the Roman empire brought its majestic splendour to frustrate Gallic, it is that a troop of the eighth legion, the Octava-Augusta legion was located in the city of Neriomagus, future aquae Nerii, future Néris the Baths, whose hot source granted its benefits to the poor légionaries in the current of the first century…
A few kilometres from there, a rock piton dominated the valley of the “curries” (expensive). Strategic place bus located at an important crossroads of Roman ways, this piton, with the foot of which the river curves, saw Lucius, to install a oppidum in advanced station there. The place took the name of Lucius Mount then…

Montlu_on__4_With the fall of Rome, the night fall on Europe and Montlucon, and the barbarians invade… Montlucon passes under the aegis of the kingdom of Aquitaine (5th century) before becoming again French, thanks to the victory of Pip the Brief over the dukes of Aquitaine (VIIIème century).
In XIème century the fortress of Assembles Lucii is mentioned: it is about a first outline of the castle built by Guillaume, wire of Archambaud IV of Bourbon, on the remainders of the castrum of Lucius. The construction of the Saint-Pierre church starts then.











Montlu_on__22_In XIIème century, the city will undergo the first attacks of its sighing; neighbor of the “border” between the possessions of kings de France and England, Montlucon guerroya, resisted but was overcome and submitted to the English of 1171 to 1188.
Montlu_on__24_It is Guy de Dampierre who, on order of Philippe Auguste, released the city. Then seat of a baronnie, Montlucon will pass under the protection of the Bourbons and becomes a châtellenie.

Montlu_on__27_bThe city is then managed by the consuls who must protest against the abuses the lords on the rights of montluçonnais. The chapître Saint Nicolas's Day is built about 1250 and is to date the oldest building of the city. A raptor, high in the sky, accomodated me.




 

The church 

Montlu_on__25_aNotre-Dame of Montlucon is a church with two naves whose construction is spread out over three century. The stages are found on the frontage giving on the place, of is in west, on the 6 large windows: the first two bays with 4 sheets in the rubble fillings, two following bays blazing, two others with the purified layout of the XVIIème century. The place was formerly a cemetery, one found there tomb stones and many vases with water bénite.













Montlu_on__3_This place the passage leaves the deanery, of XIIIème century, driving with the Saint-Louis vault.
A first Romance church with single nave finished in the east by three apses: only one remains. 
In XIVème century, the rebuilding begin with the chorus and the first span from the side aisle. The capitals are furnished with vegetable reasons.

Montlu_on__26_aThe apse in hemicycle is located in a court. It is the witness of the Romance time. One finds there the vestiges of the old cloister of XIIIème century in the prolongation of the old transept. The ground is out of rollers of river, typical Montluçonnaises constructions.

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Montlu_on__17_aThe bedside is dominated by the bell-tower and marks the beginning of the street Notre-Dame bordered of private mansions and houses of XVème and XIV ème centuries. This flat bedside corresponds to a rectangular chorus. It is lit by a large Gothic bay with the quadrilobate rubble fillings, surmiontés of a stone balustrade of the XIV ème and XVème centuries. The bell-tower presents on each face two trefoil bays. Before 1706, a stone arrow surmounted it.

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Montlu_on__15_aIn XVème century, one establishes the vaults of the two naves. Their veins penetrate in the round pillars, deprived of capitals. With XVIIème, one finishes the building in the west. The large gate goes back to 1622.
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Virgins of Notre-Dame of Montlucon

Montlu_on__13_aWe find inside the church a virgin sitting out of gilded wood, in the middle of a large retable of the XVIIème century.

















Montlu_on__32_aOn the western door of the cathedral, outside, in a niche, is held a black virgin. From which does it come? I do not have any information when with his source, nor if it is a recent copy. It seems to to me that it is the copy of another known black virgin… Would Montlucon make me lose the memory?
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