29 juillet 2007

Sacra di San Michele, history

The Pirchiriano mount, on the slope of which is Sacra it di san Michele, dominates with 962m, and is drawn up in the valley of Suse, not far from Turin. The valley was formed in the time of the ice ages and was planed by the power of the ices, as the hard stone cupolas and the polished surface of the escarpments prove it. Thus was formed the “Chiusa”, the cluse, of Latin confined, bolt in a narrow throat.The old name of Pirchiriano seems to be the elegant form of the modest porcarianus, the mount of the pigs, by... [Lire la suite]
Posté par madame_dulac à 23:07 - - Commentaires [0] - Permalien [#]

29 juillet 2007

Foundations and the first constructions of the abbey

  Between 983 and 987, shortly after the expulsion of Buckwheats, two oratories were rebuilt, according to a clunisian chronicler. It is at the end of Xth century that the third vault was built, vaster than the two others, by the hermit Jean Vincent. It even leaned with the rock, it, according to this chronicler, was sacred by the angels, from where the name of Sacred indicating the whole of constructions. A little later the community of Benedictines monks  directed by the abbot Advertus, called upon... [Lire la suite]
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29 juillet 2007

The arrival to the Sacra di San Michele

  This “wonder” is seen by far, and there is this furtive impression which one will touch it soon. Furtive certainly, because it is necessary, as with the Michaelmas Mount (the danger of the sea), to make a good walk before finding the entry. As usual in a high-place, we needs a physical exercise making it possible to empty itself before filling again. Received energy, the vision of the mount and the valley downwards, are already a reward. The access path is well in the magic tradition. Several doors... [Lire la suite]
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29 juillet 2007

Meeting the sanctuary

  The sepulchre of the monks The first meeting, and not of least, is done with the ruins of a small Romane church of centered plan, whose the absidioles are still visible. Its construction goes back to the years 1000. The remainders as well as the heap of stones of the ploughed up part suggest a building of octagonal form, formed of 4 rectangular vaults grafted at the ends of a Greek cross, connected between them by four circular niches. We can reconnize the “baptistry” type . It is called around... [Lire la suite]
Posté par madame_dulac à 23:04 - - Commentaires [0] - Permalien [#]
29 juillet 2007

The entry of the sanctuary

  The frontage This is the most imposing and most monumental part of the Abbey. The frontage, massive, is 41 meters height. The base is 26 meters height and supports the structure of the church. On September 24, 2005, the statue of Saint Michael Archange realized by the artist Paul De Doss-Moroder was placed close to the slope of the external staircases. The monumental complex is characterized by a particular geometrical combination and effects of colors between the straight lines of gray iron ... [Lire la suite]
Posté par madame_dulac à 23:03 - - Commentaires [1] - Permalien [#]
29 juillet 2007

The large staircase

  Inside the base, an immense staircase, called staircase of deaths. Uneven  20 meters separates the departure from the staircase of the level of the church and its pavement, which makes it particularly stiff. Where the first steps are assembled, on the left side, a pillar wich is 18 meters hight. Its large arcs which take support on him support the chorus of the church. Northern side, two occulus. That of North is shifted compared to the window of the lower part. My opinion is that the architect... [Lire la suite]
Posté par madame_dulac à 23:02 - - Commentaires [0] - Permalien [#]
29 juillet 2007

The door of the zodiac

  The staircase of dead opens with the light. It is necessary to pass in front of the door of the zodiac. Perhaps the amounts of marble which decorate it come from Saint-Etienne, the vault, known as the sepulchre of the monks. It seems that they are not on their site of origin. Their symbolic system can be changed. The door and a good part of its decoration is the work of master Nicholaus, the architect of the part of XIIth century of the Sacra. On one of the pilasters, he signed its name:  “Vos qui transitis... [Lire la suite]
Posté par madame_dulac à 22:59 - - Commentaires [0] - Permalien [#]
29 juillet 2007

The church

After having passed the door of the zodiac, we arrive in the last staircases leading to the porch of the church. The buttresses are from XIXth century, but there remain some original steps which turned behind the apses when the staircase of dead did not exist. The gate It was built by the architects of Hugues de Montboissier at the beginning of XIIth century. Realized out of green and gray stone, made up of several arcs, edges and cords, it is supported by a series of semi-columns characterized by floral... [Lire la suite]
Posté par madame_dulac à 22:58 - - Commentaires [0] - Permalien [#]
29 juillet 2007

Towards the monastery

  Ruins From the terrace of the church, the imposing ruins of the large monastery built between XIIth and XIVth century are offered to the sight. It is here, which during centuries, the old fortress of the Ligurians drew up, then the Roman castrum. It is the part of the abbey which occupies greatest surface. It extended in direction from the North-West on nearly 50 meters. the powerful arcades recall that this part of the monastery had the capacity of reception necessary for a great number of monks. The high... [Lire la suite]
Posté par madame_dulac à 22:57 - - Commentaires [0] - Permalien [#]